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History of Sports

(MCQs, Q & A)
Note: MCQs from this chapter were asked in CBSE 2010 Term II examination only.
Q1(CBSE 2010): At which of the following places was the world's first cricket club formed?

(a) Marybone
(b) Hambledon
(c) Melbourne
(d) Adelaide

Answer: (b) Hambledon

Q2(CBSE 2011): Explain why cricket became popular in India and West Indies?



Answer: Cricket became popular in India and West Indies due to following reasons:
  1. Being British colonies, cricket was established as popular sport among whites only.
  2. Initially, in India and West India, the sport became of a symbol of higher social status among the elites who wanted to copy their colonial masters. Locals were discouraged to play this sport.
  3. Later it became a became a measure of racial equality and political progress. e.g. In West Indies, many politicians saw this game a chance for self respect and international standing.
Q3(CBSE 2010): Cricket did not become popular in the countries in South America because :

(a) South American countries were not under American, Spanish and Portuguese influence
(b) Unlike other games like football and hockey, cricket remained a Britain colonial game
(c) It was a part of British colonial game
(d) It was limited to the countries that was not the part of British empire

Answer: (b) Unlike other games like football and hockey, cricket remained a Britain colonial game.

Q4(CBSE 2011):  Which was the first Indian Community to start playing Cricket? How did they contribute to the Cricket?

Answer: Parsis was the first Indian community to start playing the game. They were close contact with the British because of their interest in trade and the first Indian community to westernize. They founded the first Indian Cricket Club called Oriental Cricket Club in Bombay in 1848. The club was funded by Parsis businessmen like Tatas and Wadias. The white elite did not help the Parsis in promoting this game. In fact they obstructed in their way and were prejudiced. e.g. the Whites-only club put up a quarrel with the Parsis over the use of public park. It resulted into formation of their own Gymkhana by the Parsis. In 1889, the Parsis defeated the Bombay Gymkhana (White only club). It paved way to many other Indian communities to open their own cricket clubs but based on the idea of religious community.

Q5(CBSE 2010): The Parsis were the founders of which cricket club?

(a) Marylebone Cricket Club
(b) National Cricket Championship
(c) Oriental Cricket Club
(d) Indian Cricket Club

Answer: (c) Oriental Cricket Club

Q6: Why did the cricket bats were roughly the same shape as hockey sticks during eighteenth century?

Answer: During eighteenth century, in the game of cricket, the ball was bowled underarm,
along the ground and the curve at the end of the hockey-like bat gave the batsman the best chance of making contact. That's why the bats were looked like hockey sticks at that time.

Q7(CBSE 2010): When were the first written “Laws of Cricket” drawn up?

(a) 1703
(b) 1744
(c) 1750
(d) 1760

Answer: (b) 1744

Q8: Name the Australian player who tried to play with an Aluminium bat?

Answer: Dennis Lillee

Q9: When was the first Indian cricket established? What was its name?

Answer: The first Indian club, the Calcutta Cricket Club, was established in 1792.

Q10(NCERT): Test cricket is a unique game in many ways. Discuss some of the ways in which it is different from other team games. How are the peculiarities of Test cricket shaped by its historical beginnings as a village game?

Answer: Test cricket is a unique game in the following ways:
  1. A test match can go on for five days and still ends in a draw. While the other sports like hockey, badminton, soccer have fixed duration matches.
  2. Unlike other sports the dimensions of cricket playground are not well defined. the length of the
    pitch is specified – 22 yards – but the size or shape of the ground is not. A cricket ground may be oval or round etc.
The uniqueness about this game has historical connection with villages, since it started as a village game.
  1. The rhythms of village life were slower and cricket’s rules were made before the Industrial Revolution. 
  2. Originally cricket matches had no time limit. The game went on for as long as it took to bowl out a side twice.
  3. Cricket was originally played on country commons, unfenced land that was public property.
    The size of the commons varied from one village to another, so there were no designated boundaries or boundary hits. 
  4. When the ball went into the crowd, the crowd cleared a way for the fieldsman to retrieve it. Even after boundaries were written into the laws of cricket, their distance from the wicket was not specified. The laws simply lay down that ‘the umpire shall agree with both captains on the boundaries of the playing area’.


I. MORE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
(1 mark)
A. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS
1. In what ways is the game of cricket unique
(c)
The White cricket elite in India offered no
and different from other games?

help to the enthusiastic Parsis

(d) All the above
and still end in a draw; football and
(a) A cricket match can go on for five days
5. The rivalry between the Parsis and the racist
Bombay Gymkhana ended when:

baseball do not last so long

(b) The grounds in cricket can be of any shape
(a) the Parsis built their own Gymkhana to
— oval, circular, and of any size

play cricket

(b)
a Parsi team beat the Bombay Gymkhana
(d) The length of the pitch is specified 22
in cricket in 1889

(c) both (a) and (b)
2. There were revision of law by MCC between
(d)
none of the above
1770 and 1780. They were :

6.
When were the first written “Laws of
(a) The weight of the ball and the width of the
Cricket” drawn up?

(a)
1703 (b) 1744
(b) The first leg-before law was published in
(c)
1750 (d) 1760
7.
When was the world’s first cricket club
(c) The third stump became common, and the
formed?

first six-seam cricket ball was created

(a)
1744 (b) 1750s
(c) 1760s (d) 1780s
3. The West Indies’ win in Test series against
8.
When was the Marylebone Cricket club
England in 1950, had two ironical features.

founded?

(a)
1760 (b) 1787
(a) The victory was considered a national
(c)
1788 (d) 1895
(c) Both (a) and (b)
yards

bat were specified

1774


(d) All the above
They were

achievement, a way of demonstrating that
West Indians were equals of
Englishmen

(b) The captain of the winning West Indies
team was a white Englishman
(c)
West Indies cricket team represented not
one nation but several dominions which
9. Which of these features for cricket were laid
down in the 1770s and 1780s?

White

(a) First leg-before law was published
(b) A third stump became common
(c) Creation of first six-seam cricket ball
(d) All the above
became independent countries later

(d) both (b) and (c)
4.
There was a quarrel between the Bombay
Gymkhana (a Whites-only club) and the Parsi
Club, because
(a) The Parsis complained that the public park
was left unfit for cricket because the polo
ponies of the Gymkhana Club dug up the
surface
(b) The colonial authorities were prejudiced in
favour of their own White compatriots
10. The reason that cricket has originated from
the villages is/are
(a)
Cricket matches had no time limit
(b)
Vagueness of the size of the cricket ground
(c)
Cricket’s most important tools are all made
of pre-industrial materials
(d)
All the above
11.
Which Australian player tried to play with an
aluminium bat?
(a) Kim Hughes (b) Don Bradman
(c) Dennis Lillee (d) Jeff Thompson
1



12. In the matter of protective equipment, how
has cricket been influenced by technological
change?
(a) The invention of vulcanised rubber led to
the introduction of pads in 1848
(b) Protective gloves
(c) Helmets made out of metal and synthetic
lightweight materials
(d) All the above
21.
Which of these Indians condemned the
Pentangular?
(a) S.A. Barelvi (b) A.F.S. Talyarkhan
(c) Mathatma Gandhi (d) All the above
22. Who was Palwankar Baloo?
(a) A Congress leader
(b) A soldier
(c) A Dalit cricketer
(d) A Brahmin priest
23. Why was 1971 considered a landmark year?
13. What were the rich who played cricket for
(a) First One-Day International was played
between England and Australia

(b) Professionals
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(b) Television
coverage
popularity of international cricket
14. The poor who played cricket for a living were
(c) India, Pakistan boycotted South Africa
(d) India entered the world of test cricket
(b) entertainers
24. Who was Kerry Packer?
(b) commons
(a) British tycoon
15.
Who wrote a novel titled ‘Tom Brown’s School
(b) Australian television tycoon
Days’ which became popular in 1857?

(a) Sri Lankan rebel
(b) Kim Hughes
(b) None of these
(d) John Middleton
25. How did the cricket boards become rich?
16. Which ‘professional’ batsman led the English
(a) By organising a large number of matches
cricket team in 1930 for the first time?

(b) Through patronage from rich industrialists
(b) Len Hulton
(c) By selling television rights to television
(d) Derek Underword
companies

(d) None of the above
17. Which of these statements is correct about
26. The ICC headquarters shifted from London
to
(a) Cricket remained a colonial game
(a) Sydney (b) India
(b) It spread only in Europe
(c) Dubai (d) Singapore
(c) It came to be played all over the world
27. When was the first World Cup successfully
(d) It was limited to England only
staged?

pleasure called?

(a) Amateurs
(c) Commons
expanded the

called

(a) needy
(a) professionals
(a) Thomas Arnold
(c) Thomas Hughes
(a) David Gomer
(c) G Sobers
the spread of cricket?

18. In which of these countries was cricket
established as a popular sport?
(a) South Africa, Zimbabwe
(b) Australia, New Zealand
(c) West Indies, Kenya
(d) All the above
(a) 1972 (b) 1973
(c) 1974 (d) 1975
28. Name the hockey player from India who won
many Olympic Gold Medals.

(a) Balbir Singh (b) Dhyan Chand
(c) Dhanraj Pillay (d) Gagan Ajit Singh
19. When and where was the first non-White club
29. Polo was a game invented by the _____
established?

(a) End of 18th century, India
(a) French
(b) Dutch
(b) End of 19th century, West Indies
(c) Colonial officials in India
(c) Mid-19th century, South Africa
(d) Beginning of 19th century, Zimbabwe
20. With the addition of the fifth team, the
tournament later came to be called
‘Pentangular’. What was the fifth team called?
(a) United (b) Rest
(c) Free (d) Unlimited
(d) Germans
30. The first hockey club in India was started in
(a) Bombay (b) Madras
(c) Bangalore (d) Calcutta
31. How many times has India won the Olympic
gold medals in hockey?
(a) Five (b) Six (c) Eight (d) Nine
2



32. Name India’s national game.
(a) Hockey (b) Football
(c) Boxing (d) Cricket
33. In which country was cricket played for the
first time?
(a) England (b) Rome
(c) Spain (d) India
34. About how many years ago was cricket played
in England?
(a) 200 years ago (b) 300 years ago
36.
Who was the First Indian Test Captain of
1932 test team?
(a) Lala Amarnath (b) Palwankar Baloo
(c) C K Nayudu (d) Ranjit Singh
37. The first test was played between
(a) England and Australia
(b)
Australia and Pakistan
(c)
New Zealand and Australia
(d) Pakistan and Bangladesh
38. Which Indian national leader believed that
sport was essential for creating a balance

(d) 500 years ago
between the body and the mind?

35. In which year did India enter the world of
(a) Jawaharlal Nehru (b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Sarojini Naidu (d) Maulana Azad
(c) 1927 (d) 1932
II. SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
A. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS
1.
Explain how cricket began in England and the
6. Describe the difference between a test match and
way it was played till 1744.
a one-day match.

7.
‘The organisation of cricket in England reflected
2.
Describe the first written laws of cricket drawn
the nature of English society.’ Explain.

8.
Throw light on the curious peculiarities or
3.
How was cricket associated with social status in
characteristics of cricket.

9.
Explain the historicial reasons behind the oddities
4.
‘The Parsees were the first to play cricket in
of cricket.

10.
‘The MCC’s revision of the laws brought in a
series of changes in the game that occurred in
the second half of the eighteenth century.’ Discuss
the revision of the laws.

5.
How did the National Movement affect cricket
B. QUESTIONS FROM CBSE EXAMINATION PAPERS
(c) 400 years ago
Test Cricket?

(a) 1877 (b) 1926
[3 marks]

up in 1744.

England?

India.’ Explain.

in India?

1.
How have television technology affected the
development of contemporary cricket? Explain.
2.
Who set the first cricket club in India? Explain
3.
Describe the changes that occurred in the game
they protect a cricketer from preventable injuries?

[2011 (T-2)]


[2011 (T-2)]

8.
Test cricket is unique game in many ways.
Describe some of the ways in which it is different

their contribution in the field of cricket.

from other team games.

[2011 (T-2)]

[2011 (T-2)]


9. Which changes were introduced in the game of
cricket during the 19th century? [2011 (T-2)]

of cricket after it became a televised sport.

[2011 (T-2)]

4.
‘Cricket in colonial India was organised on the
principle of race and religion.’ Justify the statement
with three instances. [2011 (T-2)]
5.
Explain why cricket became popular in India and
West Indies. [2011 (T-2)]
6.
Write how media and technology have affected
the game of cricket. [2011 (T-2)]
7.
Write the name of four protective items. How do
10.
Who was Kerry Packer? Why is his name famous
in the history of cricket? [2011 (T-2)]
11.
‘‘Cricket has changed with changing times and
yet fundamentally remained true to its origin in
rural England.” Justify by giving examples.
[2011 (T-2)]

12.
In the matter of protective equipment cricket has
been influenced by technological changes. Prove
this statement with suitable arguments.
[2011 (T-2)]

3



13.
Why is it said that the Battle of Waterloo was
won on the playing field of Eton? Explain
[2011 (T-2)]

14.
Describe three main differences between amateurs
and professionals. [2011 (T-2)]
15.
What innovations did Kerry Packer introduce
which changed the nature of the game of cricket?
Explain. [2011 (T-2)]
16.
The organisation of the cricket in Victorian
England reflected the nature of English society.
Justify in three points.

eighteenth century.” Justify the statement giving
three points. [2011 (T-2)]

19.
“The nineteenth century saw some important
changes in the game of cricket.” Explain with
three suitable points. [2011 (T-2)]
20.
‘‘The British used cricket to carry out their racial
policy in their colonies.’’ Explain by giving any
three reasons. [2011 (T-2)]
21.
When were the ‘Law of Cricket’ drawn up? What
was stated in the written laws of cricket?
[2011 (T-2)]


[2011 (T-2)]

22.
Why did Mahatma Gandhi condemn the
17.
The Parsis were the first Indian community to set
Pentangular Tournament?

up a cricket club in India. Why? Give three

23.
Mention any three significant roles of cricket in
[2011 (T-2)]

establishing peace and harmony.

18.
‘‘MCC revision of laws brought in a series of
24.
How the centre of gravity in cricket has shifted
changes in cricket in the second half of the

from the old Anglo-Australian axis? Explain.

III. LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
A. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS
1.
What role did religion and politics play in the
6. “It is often said that the Battle of Waterloo was
development of cricket in India?
won on the playing fields of Eton.” Explain.

2.
What part does nationalism play in the present
7.
“Despite the exclusiveness of the White cricket
elite in the West Indies, the game became hugely
popular in the Caribbean.” Explain how and why.
Indies and Africa, different from the way it is

3.
How is cricket played in our subcontinent, West
8.
“Cricket in colonial India was organised on the
principle of race and religion.” Explain with
examples.
cricket in the world and specially India.

4.
Give your own reasons for the popularity of
9.
Summarise the views of Mahatma Gandhi on
sports in general, and on cricket in particular.
past can be seen in the length of a test match and

5.
Describe how cricket’s connection with a rural
10. Describe the influence of commerce, media and
vagueness about the size of a cricket ground.
technology on modern cricket.

[2011 (T-2)]


reasons.

[2011 (T-2)]


[4 marks]

day cricket?

played in England?

ASSIGNMENTS FOR FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT

I. PROJECT
Topic Covered: Commerce, media and cricket
(b) Explain how commerce, media and
technology have changed cricket today
(c) Also focus on Twenty-20 Cricket which has
today.

not been included in the textbook.

Objective : To create awareness of how modern
technology has transformed cricket; how
globalisation has affected cricket.

Skills Developed : Analytical understanding of
the interrelationship between ports, society,
politics, technology.

Time Required : 2 - 3 days.

Method :

(a) Focus on the modern transformation of the
game.
4


II. ACTIVITIES
1. Presume a conversation is taking place between
Thomas Arnold, the headmaster of Rugby School,
and Mahatma Gandhi on the value of cirket in
education. Write out the conversation in the form
of a dialogue.
2. Trace the history of any local sport (such as
kabbadi, wrestling, guli-danda, etc). Talk to
your parents and grandparents how this game
was played in their childhood. Notice the

transformation. Record the socio-economic and
historical forces that might have changed the
game. Discuss it in the classroom.

III. POSTER MAKING
1. Make a catchy and colourful poster on Twenty20
Cricket. [Give pictures related to the two
ICC Twenty-20 World Cups, Indian premier
league (IPL) tournaments.]
VI. MAKING CHARTS
Make a large webchart on cricket, presenting the
major turn arounds and important events in
modern history of the game.

VII. SEMINAR
Organise a seminar on the topic ‘Cricket as a
colonial game.’
[Guidelines : Only five boys with good oratorical

2. Make a colourful poster on the legends of cricket.
skills should be selected to speak. A local /
Write in brief about their life, career,

national cricket personality could be invited to
speak and enlighten the students on the topic.]

[Cover Vivian Richards, Len Hutton, Sir Garfield

VIII. QUIZ
Sobers, Don Bradman, Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil
Dev, Sachin Tendulkar, Dennis Lillee, Richard

The teacher could prepare a quiz of fifty questions
Hadlee, Shane Warne, and three others.]

related to cricket and based on the textbook.
Each student could be given the quiz sheet to

IV. ASSIGNMENT
tick mark the correct answer.
[Quiz should be given in the form of multiple


1. Make a big timeline on ‘laws of cricket’ from
choice questions.]
1744 to 1985. Present the major changes in rules
and regulations that have taken place.

IX. DEBATE
[Guidelines : Apart from reading the textbook,
Hockey is India’s national game. Between 1928

read other books on history of cricket, note down

and 1956, India won gold medals in six con-

important changes in rules and choose the scale

secutive Olympic Games. The two other gold
medals for India came in 1964 Tokyo Olympics
and the 1980 Moscow Olympics. India has not

V. DISCUSSION
won an Olympic gold in hockey since the last
Read the book, A Corner of a Foreign Field :

thirty years. Hockey is not a popular game in
India. On the other hand, cricket is the most

The Indian History of British Sport written by
popular game in India; the cricket heroes are as

Ramachandra Guha. Discuss the main points

popular as Bollywood stars.

raised in the book, in the classroom.
In view of the above situation, do you think

achievements.

as needed.]

discuss about the book’s finer points.]

[Guidelines : Three students can be given the
task of reading the book; they should be allotted
different chapters. These three students can

‘Cricket should be declared a national game

instead of hockey’? Hold a debate on the topic.

[Guidelines : Each student should speak for five

minutes either for or against the motion.]

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